Emergency Departments are obligated, under federal law, to provide emergency medical care to everyone who needs it, regardless of their ability to pay. No one may be turned away. The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) states that quality emergency care is a fundamental right and that unobstructed access to emergency services should be available to all patients. However, ACEP gives New York’s emergency departments a “C” as its overall grade for its emergency care. ACEP reports that as of 2014, New York’s emergency departments (ED) are overcrowded, have the 4th longest patient waiting times in the country, and access to primary and mental health care is delayed.